Pipevine Swallowtail: Facts, Characteristics, Habitat and More

Pipevine Swallowtail Facts

Scientific Classification of Pipevine Swallowtail: Battus Philenor

Kingdom of Pipevine Swallowtail: Animalia

Phylum of Pipevine Swallowtail: Arthropoda

Class of Pipevine Swallowtail: Insecta

Order of Pipevine Swallowtail: Lepidoptera

Family of Pipevine Swallowtail: Papilionidae

Genus of Pipevine Swallowtail: Battus

Species of Pipevine Swallowtail: B.philenor

Within the butterfly species, the Pipevine Swallowtail belonging to Papilionidae family looks quite similar to others within the same family. These butterflies found mainly in parts of America are of the toxic variety. We elaborate more on the specie below.

Pictures of Pipevine Swallowtail

The beauty of the pipevine swallowtail can be captured in these pictures

Some Interesting Facts about Pipevine Swallowtail

Certain unique characteristics possessed by these breed of the butterflies are:

  • The pipevine plants are nontoxic. It is seen that a clan of caterpillar sometimes kills their main plant.
  • Initially the larva is not venomous. However as soon as they grow big they get poisonous pipevine. These species have special ability to relate certain colors of the flowers to their nectar.

Distribution of Pipevine Swallowtail

One can spot these species in the parts of Northern and Central America. In addition to this, they are also found along the parts of Guatemala and Costa Rica. The other regions where these species inhabit are the Texas, Arizona, Florida, and Nebraska.

Characteristics of Pipevine Swallowtail

  • Color of Pipevine Swallowtail: The color of these species ranges from black to bluish. The underneath portion of the wings dotted with orange color.
  • Wingspan of Pipevine Swallowtail: One can segregate the males and females by the abaxial hind wings. In fact the females bear bigger spots along the wings. Also in females, the hind wings are darker as compared to males.

 Adaptation and Behavior of Pipevine Swallowtail

One can spot these species in the Northern Parts of the Globe from April to October while during the months of February to November, they are found in the Southern countries. The pupa stays in hibernation during the winter months.

Food Habits of Pipevine Swallowtail

These species like to have stems and leaves of the mother plant. Moreover, the adults like to feed on the nectar of the flower. These species also feed on milkweeds, teasel, phlox, petunias, lantana and verbenas in their diet.

Habitat of Pipevine Swallowtail

These species are mostly found in the woodlands and forests. The pipevine swallowtail also inhabits in the orchards, forests, gardens, deserts etc.

Life Cycle of Pipevine Swallowtail

In case of these particular species, the stages are too intricate, as they transform rapidly from one stage to another.

Reproduction of Pipevine Swallowtail

  • During the mating season, the male counterparts go in search the females and once they find the female, they begin to mate.
  • The females usually lay 5 to 10 eggs in each clutter. Sometimes such count may reach 20 also. They usually lay the eggs underneath the leaves or on the stem.

The Caterpillar and Larva Stage of Pipevine Swallowtail

  • Initially the larvae are found in clans. They eat the mother plant and grow pretty fast. The venom of the pipevine plants does not harm these species. The size of a developed larvae ranges between 1.5 to 2 inches.
  • The pupa color depends on the temperature of the surroundings.
  • These species gets isolated when they grow old. They do not prefer to stay on one flower for long hours.

The Pupa Stage of Pipevine Swallowtail

  • The pupa stage or chrysalis, as it is better known, occurs post the larva stage.
  • The pupa is usually brown or green colored while the abdomen area has yellow patches. These pupa are actually found in different shapes along with curves and horns.
  • It is seen that if the larvae pupates in the late fall then the butterfly appears in the next spring.

Host Plants of Pipevine Swallowtail

These species essentially choose plants belonging to the family of Aristolochiaceae as their host plants. While there are some others that behave like host plants like longiflora, durior, reticulata, serpentaria etc.

Conservation Status of Pipevine Swallowtail

The names of these species are not mentioned in the endangered list prepared by the IUCN.

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